Gail Anderson-Dargatz  

Resources for Writers

On Developing Conflict and Structure


Novels and Shoes

My new novel, The Three Sisters Bar and Hotel, comes out March 1. I’m here at my desk with launch invitations to send, and an interview on CBC radio on Thursday morning. Even for a “veteran” (hate that word) like me, it’s exciting. I spent five years writing it; the novel is a return to Canada and my home territory of Alberta, after a decade of writing set in Japan.

Yet my eyes keep turning to an email that says we have a new member for The Shoe Project: her name is Farah and she came as a refugee from Sadam Hussain’s Iraq, fled an arranged marriage, and is an electrical engineer. I can’t wait to meet her and hear the story she will write about the shoes that brought her to Canada. Yes, shoes. They are a perfect metaphor for journeys, for transformation. Look at Cinderella; look at The Wizard of Az. And look at the sixty, 600 word memoirs members of The Shoe Project have written, published and performed over the past four years.

Yes, directing The Shoe Project is pretty cool too.

People ask me why I have taken on this work—why when I’m busy, why when I could be doing my own writing, why when I could be holidaying in Mexico, why when adult immigrants to Canada whose first language is, say, Tamil, are so difficult to coach as writers in English.


Here’s the reason: I love it. Meeting women aged 18, 30 or 65 from China, Croatia and Syria and Afghanistan and South Sudan and Brazil and Russia is huge fun. It’s travel without the security lineups; instead of at Pearson Airport I’m lining up for the butcher at 5 am in Poland in the 1980’s in minus twenty degree Fahrenheit weather—and I’ve got Relaks boots on my feet. (Look it up!)

I sometimes sit there around the table while we drink our tea and laugh and cry, and imagine large cartoonish bubbles over the heads of the twelve of us. Ancient alphabets-- Persian, Russian, Chinese, Hindi-- float around in these bubbles, like arithmetic equations, as the women work to put their ideas into English. Except that it isn’t like arithmetic at all, because there are no true equivalents between thoughts and feelings in one language and those in another. Little is exact. Everything is shaded, interpreted.

Maybe that’s why shoes work so well. They are solid. They have heft, they all have toes, heels and vamps even though some are hand embroidered by cloistered women, some are plastic and mended with lighters by rebel fighters. They look, sound, feel, operate, represent, decorate, and define us—all over the world.

Do you, as writers, ever think that writing your own stuff is not enough? Even when you’ve got a new novel in the stores?

I do.

The Shoe Project is literacy. The novel is literary. These are considered in our country to be two entirely different things.

I’d like to introduce a new thought: this distinction is a form of discrimination. It is like racism. The writing of a person who does not use the correct adverb or misses the past tense of a verb or chooses a generality because she doesn’t have the broad vocabulary of a native English speaker is deemed not publishable, not artistic, not worthy of support of the literary establishment, the granting agencies, not worthy of the time spent to fix it by newspapers or radio. It is pushed downwind into “literacy”— which means “there are ESL issues”; it doesn’t count, and can’t be published. But with advice from peers around a workshop table, coaching, editing, and copyediting- which, frankly, native English speakers need too- That same story becomes vital, informative and urgently to the point. Great stories get lost between languages.

We’re all in this together. And here’s another thought: new writers bring new readers.

Katherine Govier’s new novel is The Three Sisters Bar and Hotel and is set in the Canadian Rockies. Her previous novel The Ghost Brush is about the daughter of the famous Japanese printmaker, Hokusai, creator of The Great Wave was published in the United States as The Printmaker’s Daughter, and in translation in Spain, Quebec, Romania and Japan.

Katherine’s novelCreation, about John James Audubon in Labrador, was a New York Times Notable Book of the Year in 2003.  She won Canada's Marian Engel Award for a woman writer (1997) and the Toronto Book Award (1992). She has twice been shortlisted for the Trillium prize.

The author of twelve books, Katherine has been instrumental in establishing two innovative writing programs. In 1989, with teacher Trevor Owen, she helped found Writers in Electronic Residence. Today she is the founder and Director of The Shoe Project working to improve the written and spoken English of immigrant women

Katherine travels between Toronto and Canmore Alberta, with her partner, a food and wine publisher, and their dog Jasper. She holds a black belt in classical martial arts and loves skiing and hiking in the Rockies.

Resource Categories

Blogs on Craft

On the Building Blocks of Fiction

Tips on how to craft vivid scene that allows the reader to experience events right along with the characters.

On Finding Your Big Idea

Insights into the writing process and what a writer's day really looks like, as well as perspectives on research and writing from real life.

On Getting to Know Your Characters

Advice on the many ways you can make your characters come alive on the page for both you and your reader.

On Deciding on Point of View

What is the best perspective from which to tell your story? Writers discuss how they made choices on point of view and voice.

On Choosing Your Situation and Setting

Writers talk about how they use situation and setting to build story and convey emotion.

On Developing Conflict and Structure

From how to work in different genres to finding the real story, writers offer good advice on building conflict and structure.

On Revising

Tips on how to gain distance from your work and to how to re-imagine your next draft.

On Publishing

Writers offer practical advice on the business of writing and promotion, and on the importance of finding a writing community.

On Making a Living as a Writer

Writers offer words of wisdom on living on less.

On The Writer's Life

Writers talk about their life as a writer.

About Gail

Gail's novels have been national and international bestsellers and two have been short-listed for the Giller Prize, among other awards. She works with writers from around the world on her online teaching forums.